1. In 1963, a jazz-obsessed, college-educated black Beat poet in New York wrote a “theoretical endeavor” linking the sociopolitical and the sonic. A half-century later, Amiri Baraka’s book Blues People remains the first of its kind — and among the most important — in African-American studies.
Photo: Hulton Archive/Getty Images

    In 1963, a jazz-obsessed, college-educated black Beat poet in New York wrote a “theoretical endeavor” linking the sociopolitical and the sonic. A half-century later, Amiri Baraka’s book Blues People remains the first of its kind — and among the most important — in African-American studies.

    Photo: Hulton Archive/Getty Images